Back in 1913, when the vast plains of Africa were still unknown Stewart Edward White, an American hunter, set out from Nairobi, heading south. He recorded: "We walked for miles over burnt out country... Then I saw the green trees of the river, I walked twomore miles and found myself in paradise" - he had found the Serengeti. In the years since White's excursion under "the high noble arc of the cloudless African sky," the Serengeti National Park has become the game viewers paradise. The Maasai, who had grazed their cattle on the vast grassy plains for millennia had always thought so. To them it was Siringitu - "the place where the land moves on forever."
The Serengeti National Park is one of the best known wildlife sanctuaries in the world, which symbolises a classic Africa safari. The name 'Serengeti' when translated from the local Maasai language means 'extended place', this reserve alone covers an area of 12,950 square kilometres and plays host to a vast number of species including the 'Big 5', more than 2 million wildebeest, half a million Thomson's gazelle, and a quarter of a million zebra, it has the greatest concentration of plains game in Africa.
The Serengeti is also synonymous with the annual wildebeest and zebra migration, the migration is not limited to the confines of the Serengeti National Park and Masai Mara National Park. Instead, the migration covers a vast area known as the Serengeti eco-system and Masai Mara. This eco-system includes a number of private reserves and concession areas, including The Grumeti Game Reserve, Ngorongoro Conservation Area and the Loliondo Game Controlled Area. These together form a huge area for the migration.